War is considered to be one of the most disastrous events in the history of mankind, and World War I and II were no exceptions. The after effects of war include the loss of lives and homes, and it can take decades for life to return to normal, though often things are changed for good.
Of the two, World War II brought in more suffering and pain when compared to World War I. Read on to find out more about this historical event, and how it shaped our world today.
- World War II took place between 1939-1945. It was triggered by the misery of the people hailing from the lower realms of society in Germany due to the rules they had to follow post World War I.
- A not very nice person called Adolf Hitler convinced the Germans to appoint him as their leader owing to the chaos it was in. Hitler then used this chaos in Germany and the rest of Europe to his advantage and invaded and attacked Poland in 1939. Thus began World War II.
- In December 1941, the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor in the USA. This interestingly roped in the United States of America into the war.
- There were two sides in World War II. On one side was The Axis powers which were formed by Germany led by Adolf Hitler, Italy and Japan. The other comprised of the joint forces of Britain, Russia, and the USA, which formed the Allied side.
- The Allied forces in 1945 attacked Germany by entering through Berlin. In May 1945 Germany surrendered. Shortly after, Adolf Hitler met his demise.
- On the 6th of August 1945, the Americans dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan. The war ended when Japan surrendered on the 15th of August 1945.
- During World War II the British Security Service had a special system, that allowed spies and agents to spread disinformation. The agents would give information that the German shots were directly hitting Central London. In reality, they never hit Central London and were missing it by several kilometers. The Germans trusted this information over their own data, and never cared to correct their shots!
- 3.4 million tonnes of explosives were dropped in Europe and Asia during the war, which is around 27,000 tonnes/month. 5-15% of those explosives or bombs never detonated which means they never exploded. They are still buried beneath the Earth and can explode at any moment. In Germany, every year almost 5,500 bombs are discovered. A scary thought!
- At the end of the war, Russia and Japan never really signed a peace treaty. So technically, the war never really ended!
- During the war there was a German interrogator named Hans Scharff. He did not use torture techniques to conduct interrogations, instead treating his prisoners with kindness and respect. He pretended to be their friend, and even took them for strolls in the nearby woods. During these strolls, the prisoners would often divulge information as part of a friendly conversation and never realised they did so. It helped Hans acquire a lot of secret information!
- The renowned soft drink company, Coca-Cola, couldn’t import the syrup they needed to make the drink. To cover up for this, the head of Coca-Cola decided to create a new product for the German market with the available resources. The new soda was named ‘Fanta’, inspired from the German word for imagination, ‘Fantasie.’
- When Hitler visited Paris during the war, the French cut the lift cables of the Eiffel Tower. This meant that if he wanted to climb the Eiffel Tower, he would have to climb the tower’s 1,710 steps on his own! As a result, Hitler never climbed the Eiffel Tower. A small victory for France!
- Adolf Hitler looked down upon people of Jewish heritage. He would lock them up in concentration camps, where many people ultimately lost their lives.
- Approximately 40 to 50 million people were killed during World War II.
- The Axis were made up of Germany, Italy, and Japan. They wanted to take land that did not belong to them.
- The Nazis, led by Adolf Hitler, had taken over almost all of France in the war including Paris.
- The US dropping atomic bombs on Japan was a major turning point in the war, ultimately leading to Japan’s surrender. Hopefully it’s never a tactic that will be witnessed by mankind again, as such measures result in a huge loss of life.
Wars can truly divide worlds, with long lasting and devastating effects on people from all walks of life. We can only hope that we don’t have to experience such events ever again.